Before the Cultural Revolution, Zhao Ziyang 趙紫陽 (1919-2005) held several official positions in Guangdong province. In 1955 he was elected a member of the People's Council of Guangdong Province and appointed deputy party secretary of Guangdong. In April 1965 he became the first party secretary of Guangdong. In 1967 he was dismissed from all the positions and exiled to a factory as a worker. He made his comeback to the political scene in 1971, and he is now considered one of the main architects of the market reforms of the 1980s.
Because of his direct involvement in Guangdong politics, Zhao Ziyang appears is several caricature posters in the collection. Many of the images describe him as Liu Shaoqi’s toady, mocking his admiration for Liu’s plans for economic reforms.